While in all of these states recreational marijuana remains illegal, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio and Rhode Island have all decriminalized the drug. In these states, having smaller amounts of marijuana on you won't lead to an arrest or a criminal record. The maximum amount you're allowed to have on your person will vary by state.
After two decades of experience in the hemp industry, Paul Benhaim founded Elixinol – ostensibly, as the company’s website states, to “[manufacture] and [provide] the highest-quality CBD oil and hemp extracts in the world.” And so that CBD oil users can be assured of that quality, Elixinol extensively tests its extracts and provides certificates of analysis for its products that are available to view at a click. The manufacturer’s wares have even received a “stamp of approval” from The Realm of Caring Foundation, a Colorado-based non-profit and advocate for cannabinoid therapy research and education. Those wanting to assess Elixinol’s extracts for themselves can choose from its range of oral tinctures – with potencies of 300 mg, 600 mg and 3,600 mg – as well as topical balms and capsules. Plus, the company gives 5 percent of the proceeds from every sale to charity – so buyers may not only feel good after their purchases, but they’ll do some good, too.

Canine consumers of CBD oil are well catered for by Green Garden Gold, which offers dog-friendly drops and peanut butter-flavored treats among its innovative range. Humans definitely haven’t been forgotten by this producer either, though, as they can take advantage of, for instance, its Panidiol Joint Formula, which is touted as a relief for nagging aches and pains. Alternatively, for any veteran CBD oil users looking for a particularly potent product, there’s the company’s Med Pac hemp oil supplement, the strongest variety of which contains a heavyweight 4,000 mg of CBD extract per bottle. And anybody wishing to be reassured of the quality of Green Garden Gold’s wares need only ask; yes, in the interests of transparency, the company is willing to hand over details of the results of third-party lab testing to anyone who puts in such a request.
Putting this in perspective, eating a portion of grapefruit would have a similar effect on the aforementioned liver enzymes. So neutralizing P450 enzymes should be viewed as a minor side effect of cannabidiol. However, if you are taking pharmaceutical drugs and wish to take CBD, you should discuss any potential complications regarding reduced P450 enzyme activity with your doctor and/or pharmacist.
A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published in the journal Pediatrics cautions pregnant women and nursing mothers to avoid marijuana use due to possible adverse developmental effects to their baby. In a study reviewed for the report, short-term exposure to CBD was found to increase the permeability of the placental barrier, potentially placing the fetus at risk from certain substances.
So. According to the Controlled Substance Act definition itself, certain parts of the cannabis plant are clearly illegal, while others fall into a grayer area. One of these – for the most part – is CBD extracted from the “legal” parts of the cannabis plant, and non-marijuana industrial hemp plants, which, as defined by Section 7606 of the Farm Bill are cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC.

Truth be told, one of the biggest draws to using CBD oil for pain has been the fact that it has little distinguishable side-effects or contraindications with other medications. In fact, in a massive report that was published by the World Health Organization during last year’s 2017 Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, it was (finally) declared to the world that CBD is a “safe, well tolerated [compound, which] is not associated with any significant adverse public health effects.”


Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, is a phyto-cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. However, it does not cause the same psychoactive effects as other naturally occurring cannabinoids (such as tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC). CBD induces feelings of sleepiness and tranquility, making it suitable for insomnia and other sleep disorders; CBD can be used to alleviate symptoms of epilepsy, diabetes, and anxiety disorders, as well. Legality is an issue for some; all 50 states have laws governing the sale, possession, and use of CBD, and they vary significantly (see the table below for a full analysis).

To obtain the CBD-packed hemp extract from its organic crop, Highland Pharms uses a process called “supercritical CO2 extraction.” This method eliminates the need for more harmful solvents, while it also, the company says, yields CBD oil of an outstanding purity and efficacy. Those wanting to see for themselves can take their pick from Highland Pharms’ positively reviewed variety of tinctures – the strongest concentration of which measures up at 1,250 mg – as well as capsules and edibles. And if those potential customers have no idea exactly how much CBD they should be imbibing, then they can get themselves up to speed at the Texas-based company’s website, which offers a user-friendly guide to serving sizes and methods of CBD oil intake, among other common queries.
The people have spoken: this Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil from Bluebird Botanicals is our Best-Rated CBD Oil — and with good reason. Few other products combine the beneficial properties of CBD and hemp as well as this one. Potent and rich in organic, nutritional ingredients, it helps to quickly ease symptoms related to pain and anxiety. In short, there’s so much to enjoy in such a small bottle.
The benefits of CBD for anxiety have traditionally been assessed through subjective reports, like anxiety questionnaires and surveys, but recent groundbreaking research has been able to demonstrate that CBD upregulates specific neurotransmitter pathways in the brain, and changes cerebral blood flow patterns to areas of the brain linked to the symptoms of anxiety. These mechanistic changes make an even stronger case that CBD is an effective way to reduce feelings of anxiety.
At the top of our ranking is Portland-based Lazarus Naturals, which has honed a reputation for high-quality, affordable CBD. Their consciously crafted CBD is sourced from organic, Oregon-grown hemp which the company controls from seed to sale. With low prices, a robust assistance program, free shipping, and a 30-day, no questions asked return policy, you really can’t go wrong with Lazarus Naturals.

In 2018, The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first CBD-based medication after years of research suggesting that CBD is beneficial to treat two rare and severe forms of childhood epilepsy. The FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb has said the approval was “a reminder that advancing sound development programs that properly evaluate active ingredients contained in marijuana can lead to important medical therapies.” He noted that the action was “not an approval of marijuana or all of its components” but rather of one specific CBD medication for a particular use. In April, an advisory committee unanimously recommended approval of the drug for the two types of epilepsy. FDA CBD rules approving hemp as medicine have helped spread awareness about CBD and acceptance regarding its use.


Martin Lee, co-founder of Project CBD, told Leafly that hemp fiber and seed contain no usable amounts of cannabinoids. “Cannabidiol can’t be pressed or extracted from hempseed,” he writes. “CBD can be extracted from the flower, leaves, and, only to a very minor extent, from the stalk of the hemp plant. Hemp oil start-ups lack credibility when they say their CBD comes from hempseed and stalk.”
It’s also important to select CBD oil products based on your concentration preferences. Some forms of CBD oil – such as vapors and tinctures – normally have higher-than-average concentrations, whereas sprays and topicals tend to have lower concentrations. Remember: higher concentration means more pronounced effects, but not necessarily mean higher quality.
Regular dosage size is recommended at 20 drops, 1-2 times per day. According to the manufacturer, small to large dosage sizes are as follows: 250 mg = 1/4 dropper, or ~5 drops 300 mg = 3/10 dropper, or ~6 drops 500 mg = 1/2 dropper, or ~10 drops 600 mg = 3/5 dropper, or ~12 drops 800 mg = 4/5 dropper, or ~16 drops 1000 mg = 1 full dropper, or ~20 drops 1500 mg = 1 1/2 dropper, or ~30 drops
In practice, selling CBD seems to be legally riskier than possessing it. The DEA’s priority seems mostly to concern commercial violations; most cases involved smoke shops and non-cannabis vape stores selling CBD cartridges. In 2015, police seized CBD cartridges at a vape store near Milwaukee, but the store owners were never arrested or charged. (A 2014 law made it legal for patients to possess and use CBD oil in Wisconsin, but the law did not make it legal to sell.) That same year, police in central Florida arrested the owner of a local smoke shop chain for selling CBD products. 
While in all of these states recreational marijuana remains illegal, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio and Rhode Island have all decriminalized the drug. In these states, having smaller amounts of marijuana on you won't lead to an arrest or a criminal record. The maximum amount you're allowed to have on your person will vary by state.
It’s also one of the strongest and most concentrated CBD oils for pain on the market today. With a grain-of-rice-sized recommended serving taken orally twice a day, its potent punch acts quickly—in just ten to fifteen minutes—to provide powerful relief. Furthermore, it offers terrific value for your money, boasting more CBD per dollar than many other CBD products.
CBD products are freely available for purchase in Wisconsin and throughout the United States. In 2014, the Farm Bill was passed under federal law, allowing states to cultivate and study industrial hemp. Therefore, as long as companies are producing CBD Hemp oils and related products with industrial hemp, customers around the nation may purchase them worry-free. Green Roads offers plenty of THC-free products, including CBD edibles such as CBD Froggies and CBD Gummy Bears. Even pets can enjoy Green Roads products with KingKalm CBD for canines and felines.
In short, the results of the survey (which were published in the Journal of Pain Research) showed that roughly 42% and 46% (respectively) of participants claimed they were able to use cannabis in place of traditional medical to effectively treat their specific medical ailment. So if you’re wondering how to know if you need CBD for pain, remember that you’re certainly not alone.

Hemp producers who sell CBD products will often use the 2014 Farm Bill to claim that it is legal. This bill includes a provision that allows for the legal cultivation of hemp provided it is used for academic agricultural research or under a state pilot program. But there is still confusion about whether the legal allowance for cultivation also includes selling it.

Since 2014, NuLeaf Naturals – our Editor’s Pick – has been committed to creating high-quality CBD oil products. As one of the oldest and most reviewed companies in the industry, NuLeaf Naturals has established themselves as a trustworthy CBD manufacturer. All of their products are tested by third party labs and their cannabinoid profile is impressive. They offer a unique range of concentrations for their organic CBD products ranging from 240mg to 4,850mg.
What you gain from Full Spectrum CBD is called the “entourage effect.” Studies have suggested that CBD is most effective when it’s combined with other cannabinoids. Each cannabinoid has its own properties and confers its own benefits. Working together, a synergy is created that boosts the healing properties of CBD. Full spectrum CBD does, however, bring with it the sticky issue of THC. The government regulates concentration levels of THC at 0.3 percent, an amount which results in minimal psychoactivity.

CBD oil users looking for a product that packs a punch could do well by picking up The CBDistillery’s 5,000 mg full-spectrum tincture – the most potent of the company’s range. Customers wanting a slightly gentler CBD hit, however, can opt instead for one of the provider’s vape oil pens or its 25 mg capsules. And for people who prefer to get their daily CBD dose through dabbing, The CBDistillery offers an array of flavored terpsolates, too, as well as a user-friendly walk-through of the process of dabbing for the uninitiated – a guide in keeping with the brand’s desire to “[spread knowledge] about CBD to the masses.” Added to which, The CBDistillery keeps prices lower for veterans and those currently serving in the armed forces by providing a 10-percent discount on any purchases made.

CBD oil products can be somewhat expensive, which may be a barrier for individuals seeking treatment or relief from different conditions and disorders. Right alongside price comes taste and a lot of consumer don’t like the earthy flavor of hemp. cbdMD is here to help on both fronts with a wide range of flavors that actually taste good at a price consumers can afford. cbdMD offers it’s premium, non-THC oils at a large variety of concentrations (300mg-5,00mg) as well as sizes (30mL and 60mL) . These oils are priced at $28 for 300mg oils and $90 for 1,500mg oils; both price-points are significantly below average.
Endoca’s commitment to social responsibility is such that it even has its own non-profit, The Endoca Foundation. This organization takes in the company’s Endoca Institute of Cannabis, Natural Medicine and Sustainability, which acts as a hub for education and research into medical cannabis; it also spearheads a hardship fund designated for those who wish to investigate the potential benefits of CBD oil products for themselves but lack the funds to do so. By purchasing Endoca products, then, as the producer claims on its website, “customers are not only helping to heal others but also the world.” Moreover, those customers can choose from Endoca’s array of skin care products and drops and even its variety of CBD oil chewing gum – all including oil from hemp plants cultivated using the company’s individual seed bank.
Back pain can be extremely debilitating, and it’s understandable if you want to steer clear of pharmaceutical painkillers in favor of something a little more natural. That’s what makes this Green Label Raw CBD Oil from Herbal Renewals so special. Available in three sizes, it’s a potent concentrate that gets to work in around fifteen minutes, and it can last for up to twelve hours, bringing real relief to back aches.
A research study posted to Addictive Behaviors shows that cannabidiol oil helps in treatment for substance abuse. According to the study, continued use of cannabidiol oil helped reduce tobacco consumption when used for 1 week. The participants in the research study randomly picked a placebo or CBD. They were then urged to use what they had picked whenever they felt like taking a cigarette. The participants with the placebo didn’t experience any decrease as opposed to the particiapnts who took CBD and decreased cigarette consumption by about 40%.
Another point worth clarifying is the difference between hemp seed oil (or hemp oil) and CBD oil. There’s confusion on this point for the very good reason that both CBD oil and hemp seed oil are extracted from the industrial hemp plant. But there’s a big difference between the 2. Hemp seed oil has been pressed from hemp seed, and it’s great for a lot of things — it’s good for you, tastes great, and can be used in soap, paint — even as biodiesel fuel.
CBD oil alleviates physical pain and anxiety – both of which can have a negative impact on sleep. Additionally, CBD oil can actually prolong sleep for some, leading to more rest from night to night. Most medical experts agree that marijuana is not particularly beneficial for individuals with medical conditions and/or mental health disorders, as the THC can increase their symptoms; this makes CBD oil a good alternative option for people with the following sleep disorders and medical conditions.
And now, onto the thorny issue of legality. The simple answer to the question is yes — if it is extracted from hemp. The 2014 Farm Bill established guidelines for growing hemp in the U.S. legally. This so-called “industrial hemp” refers to both hemp and hemp products which come from cannabis plants with less than 0.3 percent THC and are grown by a state-licensed farmer.
Cultivating hemp is illegal in the US; importing hemp and hemp products, including hemp oil, rich in CBD, is not. How bloody hard is that to know? Why is Leafly allowing the publication of such contrarian articles? Lust for the fortunes that deputy editor, Barcott, is still chasing? DEA’s Rosenberg rule is just a rule … the 9th Circuit Court blasted them in the 2001 case and PERMANENTLY ENJOINED the DEA from making law. They can write all the rules they want, but they cannot make law. That is the job of Congress, and so far, Congress has not made a damn ruling about ANYTHING … but hang in there!

Cost is another consideration. Most CBD oils are sold in concentrations of 300 to 750 mg, although this may range from less than 100 mg to more than 2,000. A good indicator of price-point is the cost per milligram. Low-cost CBD oils usually fall between five and 10 cents per mg; mid-range prices are 11 to 15 cents per mg; and higher-end oils cost 16 cents per mg or higher. Given these varying per-milligram costs, a bottle of CBD oil may be priced anywhere from $10 or less to $150 or more.
Whereas Michigan already had medical weed legalized to make for a quicker route to starting full legislation, these states don't yet have an operational system in place. North Dakota and West Virginia also still are not operational yet, nor in Louisiana or Arkansas. Ohio is also behind schedule, having been unable to meet their goal of having operational dispensaries two years after voting for legalization. And until those are operational, the Ohio Board of Pharmacy ruled that any CBD products not sold in dispensaries licensed by the state's program are illegal.
This is exciting for many, but also complicated due to the fact that possession of marijuana is still considered a criminal offense at the federal law level. Flying across and transporting marijuana across state lines, drug tests for employees following a visit to one of the states where marijuana is legal and other complications have led many to avoid the topic – and consumption – altogether.
Panacea F.A.S.T. Sublingual Tablets contain 35mg of hemp oil per piece and are completely THC free. Boasting rapid release that is 70% more effective than hemp oils, these tablets are cited as having excellent effects on sleeplessness, pain, and anxiety. Derived from Colorado grown hemp, the product contains all natural ingredients (including the vanilla and lemon flavoring).  All of Panacea’s hemp oil is derived through a proprietary extraction method at a molecular level, to produce a high-quality hemp oil. Panacea Life Sciences, the manufacturer, is GMP certified. All of their products are created in the USA, and they are fully committed to the research of CBD / hemp-based products and their health benefits. Panacea also offers hemp oil capsules, topicals, and even hemp-based products for dogs and horses. All can be found on amazon.
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